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Volatile oxidation compounds in a conjugated linoleic acid-rich oil

Garcia-Martinez, M. C., Marquez-Ruiz, G., Fontecha, J. and Gordon, M. H. (2009) Volatile oxidation compounds in a conjugated linoleic acid-rich oil. Food Chemistry, 113 (4). pp. 926-931. ISSN 0308-8146

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.08.020

Abstract/Summary

In this Study, volatile oxidation compounds formed in a commercial conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-rich oil were quantified and results compared to those found in safflower oil (rich in linoleic acid, LA). Intact oil samples and pure triacylglycerols obtained following elimination of tocopherols and minor compounds were oxidised at 60 degrees C, and volatile oxidation compounds were analysed by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography with flame ionisation detector and mass spectrometer. Results showed that while, as expected, hexanal was the major volatile oxidation compound found in oil and triacylglycerols rich in LA, both hexanal and heptanal equally were the most abundant compounds in oil and triacylglycerols rich in CLA. Besides, samples rich in CLA also showed significantly high quantities of trans-2-octenal and trans-2-nonenal and the latter, along with heptanal, were absent in samples rich in LA. Results for CLA samples were not easy to interpret since major volatiles found are not expected from theoretically stable hydroperoxides formed in CLA and could in part derive from dioxetanes coming from 1,2-cycloadclitions of CIA with oxygen. Overall, results obtained support evidence that oxidation mechanisms of CLA may differ than those of LA. Also, it was concluded that heptanal determination could serve as a useful marker of oxidation progress in CLA-rich oils. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13395
Uncontrolled Keywords:Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), Lipid oxidation, Volatile oxidation, compounds, SPME-GC, Heptanal, BODY-FAT MASS, METHYL LINOLEATE, ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL, OVERWEIGHT HUMANS, AUTOXIDATION, CLA, PRODUCTS, ISOMERS, HYDROPEROXIDES, DERIVATIVES

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