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Antioxidant and cellular activities of anthocyanins and their corresponding vitisins A - studies in platelets, monocytes, and human endothelial cells

Garcia-Alonso, M., Rimbach, G., Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C. and De Pascual-Teresa, S. (2004) Antioxidant and cellular activities of anthocyanins and their corresponding vitisins A - studies in platelets, monocytes, and human endothelial cells. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52 (11). pp. 3378-3384. ISSN 0021-8561

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jf035360v

Abstract/Summary

During red wine aging, there is a loss of anthocyanins and the formation of various other pigments, so-called vitisins A, which are formed through the chemical interaction of the original anthocyanins with pyruvic acid. The objective of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activities of the most abundant anthocyanins present in red wine (glycosides of delphinidin, petunidin, and malvidin) and their corresponding vitisins A. Anthocyanins exhibited a higher iron reducing as well as 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethyl-benzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) and peroxyl radical scavenging activity than their corresponding vitisins A. Delphinidin showed the highest antioxidant effect of the tested compounds in all of the assays used. Furthermore, we studied the effect of anthocyanins and vitisins A on platelet aggregation and monocyte and endothelial function. Anthocyanins and vitisins did not affect nitric oxide production and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) secretion in lipopolysaccharide plus interferon-gamma-activated macrophages. Furthermore, anthocyanins and vitisins did not change collagen-induced platelet aggregation in vitro. However, anthocyanins and to a lesser extent vitisins exhibited protective effects against TNF-alpha-induced monocyte chemoattractant protein production in primary human endothelial cells.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13397
Uncontrolled Keywords:anthocyanin, vitisin A, antioxidant activity, nitric oxide production, TNF-alpha secretion, MCP-1 production, platelet aggregation, NITRIC-OXIDE, CHEMOATTRACTANT PROTEIN-1, GENE-EXPRESSION, FLAVONOIDS, MODEL, ASSAY, PLASMA, COLOR

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