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Fastidiosipila sanguinis gen. nov., sp nov., a new Gram-positive, coccus-shaped organism from human blood

Falsen, E., Collins, M.D., Welinder-Olsson, C., Song, Y., Finegold, S.M. and Lawson, P.A. (2005) Fastidiosipila sanguinis gen. nov., sp nov., a new Gram-positive, coccus-shaped organism from human blood. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 55 (2). pp. 853-858. ISSN 1466-5026

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.63327-0

Abstract/Summary

Phenotypic and phylogenetic studies were performed on two strains of an unidentified Gram-positive, fastidious, non-spore-forming, coccus-shaped bacterium recovered from human blood. The organism was catalase-negative and grew under strictly anaerobic conditions and in the presence of 2 and 6% O-2. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the unidentified bacterium was, phylogenetically, far removed from peptostreptococci and related Gram-positive coccus-shaped organisms, but exhibited a phylogenetic association with Clostridium rRNA cluster III [as defined by Collins et al, Int J Syst Bacteriol 44 (1994), 812-826]. Sequence divergence values of 15% or more were observed between the unidentified bacterium and all other recognized species within this and related rRINIA clostridial clusters. Treeing analysis showed that the unknown bacterium formed a deep line branching at the periphery of rRNA cluster III and represents a hitherto unknown genus within this supra-generic grouping. On the basis of both phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium from blood be classified in a new genus, Fastidiosipila gen. nov., as Fastidiosipila sanguinis sp, nov. The type strain of Fastidiosipila sanguinis is CCUG 47711(T) (= CIP 108292(T)).

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13432
Uncontrolled Keywords:CELLULOLYTIC BACTERIUM, COMB. NOV, PEPTOSTREPTOCOCCUS, CLOSTRIDIUM, PROPOSAL, DIGESTER, MEMBERS, GENERA

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