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Peroxyl radical-scavenging activity of coffee brews

del Castillo, M.D., Gordon, M.H. and Ames, J.M. (2005) Peroxyl radical-scavenging activity of coffee brews. European Food Research and Technology, 221 (3-4). pp. 471-477. ISSN 1438-2377

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s00217-005-1209-1

Abstract/Summary

The ORAC(FL) assay was used in non-automated mode to evaluate the specific peroxyl radical scavenging properties of the aqueous soluble components of green and roasted Arabica and Robusta coffee samples. A relationship between ORAC(FL) and the concentration of CQAs (caffeoyl quinic acids) was found for the extracts from green coffee beans. Aqueous extracts from roasted coffee beans possessed equal or stronger scavenging power than that obtained for the green coffee beans extracts and the scavenging activity depended on the variety of coffee and the roasting conditions. Brews from Robusta coffee beans showed the highest ORAC(FL). The best scavenging properties for the brews from Arabica coffee beans were detected in samples prepared from coffee beans roasted under light conditions. The data indicate that, during roasting, a complex network of reactions takes place leading to the formation of a wide number of compounds possessing specific scavenging properties. Under mild roasting conditions, caffeoyl quinic acids appear to be the main components responsible for the free radical scavenging power of coffee brews. In contrast, Maillard reaction products may be the principal components with free radical scavenging activity in more severely (medium and dark) roasted coffees.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13470
Uncontrolled Keywords:coffee brews, scavenging capacity, peroxyl radicals, ORAC(FL), ABSORBENCY CAPACITY ASSAY, ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES, CHLOROGENIC ACIDS, FLUORESCEIN, VALIDATION, GREEN

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