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Proteomic analysis of arginine adducts on glyoxal-modified ribonuclease

Cotham, W.E., Metz, T.O., Ferguson, P.L., Brock, J.W.C., Hinton, D.J.S., Thorpe, S.R., Baynes, J.W. and Ames, J.M. (2004) Proteomic analysis of arginine adducts on glyoxal-modified ribonuclease. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, 3 (12). pp. 1145-1153. ISSN 1535-9476

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1074/mcp.M400002-MCP200

Abstract/Summary

Accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) on proteins is associated with the development of diabetic complications. Although the overall extent of modification of protein by AGEs is limited, localization of these modifications at a few critical sites might have a significant effect on protein structure and function. In the present study, we describe the sites of modification of RNase by glyoxal under physiological conditions. Arg(39) and Arg(85), which are closest to the active site of the enzyme, were identified as the primary sites of formation of the glyoxal-derived dihydroxyimidazolidine and hydroimidazolone adducts. Lower amounts of modification were detected at Arg(10), while Arg(33) appeared to be unmodified. We conclude that dihydroxyimidazolidine adducts are the primary products of modification of protein by glyoxal, that Arg(39) and Arg(85) are the primary sites of modification of RNase by glyoxal, and that modification of arginine residues during Maillard reactions of proteins is a highly selective process.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13481
Uncontrolled Keywords:ADVANCED GLYCATION ENDPRODUCTS, QUANTITATIVE-DETERMINATION, CHROMATOGRAPHIC ASSAY, DIABETIC-PATIENTS, AMINO-ACIDS, PROTEINS, IDENTIFICATION, DERIVATIZATION, METHYLGLYOXAL, MECHANISM
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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