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Atopococcus tabaci gen. nov., sp nov., a novel Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped bacterium isolated from tobacco

Collins, M.D., Wiernik, A., Falsen, E. and Lawson, P.A. (2005) Atopococcus tabaci gen. nov., sp nov., a novel Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped bacterium isolated from tobacco. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 55 (4). pp. 1693-1696. ISSN 1466-5026

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.63618-0

Abstract/Summary

A novel Gram-positive, aerobic, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped organism originating from tobacco was characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The organism contained a cell wall murein based on L-lysine (variation A4 alpha, type L-lysine-L-glutamic acid), synthesized long-chain cellular fatty acids of the straight-chain saturated and monounsaturated types (with C(16:1)omega 9, C-16:0 and C(18:1)omega 9 predominating) and possessed a DNA G+C content of 46 mol%. Based on morphological, biochemical and chemical characteristics, the coccus-shaped organism did not conform to any presently recognized taxon. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies confirmed the distinctiveness of the unknown coccus, with the bacterium displaying sequence divergence values of greater than 7% with other recognized Gram-positive taxa. Treeing analysis reinforced its distinctiveness, with the unidentified organism forming a relatively long subline branching at the periphery of an rRNA gene sequence cluster which encompasses the genera Alloiococcus, Allolustis, Alkalibacterium, Atopostipes, Dolosigranulum and Marinilactibacillus. Based on phenotypic and molecular phylogenetic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown organism from tobacco be classified as a new genus and species, Atopococcus tabaci gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Atopococcus tabaci is CCUG 48253(T) (= CIP 108502(T)).

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13489
Uncontrolled Keywords:PHYLOGENETIC CHARACTERIZATION, ORGANISMS, ACID

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