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Modelling oil absorption during post-frying cooling - I: model development

Bouchon, P. and Pyle, D.L. (2005) Modelling oil absorption during post-frying cooling - I: model development. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 83 (C4). pp. 253-260. ISSN 0960-3085

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1205/fbp.05115

Abstract/Summary

Several studies have highlighted the importance of the cooling period in oil absorption in deep-fat fried products. Specifically, it has been established that the largest proportion of oil which ends up into the food, is sucked into the porous crust region after the fried product is removed from the oil bath, stressing the importance of this time interval. The main objective of this paper was to develop a predictive mechanistic model that can be used to understand the principles behind post-frying cooling oil absorption kinetics, which can also help identifying the key parameters that affect the final oil intake by the fried product. The model was developed for two different geometries, an infinite slab and an infinite cylinder, and was divided into two main sub-models, one describing the immersion frying period itself and the other describing the post-frying cooling period. The immersion frying period was described by a transient moving-front model that considered the movement of the crust/core interface, whereas post-frying cooling oil absorption was considered to be a pressure driven flow mediated by capillary forces. A key element in the model was the hypothesis that oil suction would only begin once a positive pressure driving force had developed. The mechanistic model was based on measurable physical and thermal properties, and process parameters with no need of empirical data fitting, and can be used to study oil absorption in any deep-fat fried product that satisfies the assumptions made.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13548
Uncontrolled Keywords:frying, model development, oil uptake, potato chip, post-frying cooling., MASS-TRANSFER, POTATO SLICES, MOISTURE LOSS, FAT, HEAT, PRODUCTS, DYNAMICS

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