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The impact of EPA and DHA on blood lipids and lipoprotein metabolism: influence of apoE genotype

Anil, E. (2007) The impact of EPA and DHA on blood lipids and lipoprotein metabolism: influence of apoE genotype. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 66 (1). pp. 60-68. ISSN 0029-6651

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1017/S0029665107005307

Abstract/Summary

Fish and fish oil-rich sources of long-chain n-3 fatty acids have been shown to be cardio-protective, through a multitude of different pathways including effects on arrythymias, endothelial function, inflammation and thrombosis, as well as modulation of both the fasting and postprandial blood lipid profile. To date the majority of studies have examined the impact of EPA and DHA fed simultaneously as fish or fish oil supplements. However, a number of recent studies have compared the relative biopotency of EPA v. DHA in relation to their effect on blood lipid levels. Although many beneficial effects of fish oils have been demonstrated, concern exists about the potential deleterious impact of EPA and DHA on LDL-cholesterol, with a highly-heterogenous response of this lipid fraction reported in the literature. Recent evidence suggests that apoE genotype may be in part responsible. In the present review the impact of EPA and DHA on cardiovascular risk and the blood lipoprotein profile will be considered, with a focus on the apoE gene locus as a possible determinant of lipid responsiveness to fish oil intervention.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13575
Uncontrolled Keywords:fish oil, long-chain n-3 PUFA, TAG, ApoE genotype , CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, POLYUNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDS, LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN, APOLIPOPROTEIN-E POLYMORPHISM, HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY, REINFARCTION TRIAL DART, DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID, FISH-OIL, EICOSAPENTAENOIC ACID, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE

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