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Effect of pH on the antimicrobial activity and oxidative stability of oil-in-water emulsions containing caffeic acid

Almajano, M.P., Carbo, R., Delgado, M.E. and Gordon, M.H. (2007) Effect of pH on the antimicrobial activity and oxidative stability of oil-in-water emulsions containing caffeic acid. Journal of Food Science, 72 (5). C258-C263. ISSN 0022-1147

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00387.x

Abstract/Summary

Antioxidant properties in food are dependent on various parameters. These include the pH value and interactions with food components, including proteins or metal ions. food components affect antioxidant stability and also influence the properties of microorganisms and their viability. This paper describes an investigation of the effect of pH on the antioxidant and antibacterial properties of caffeic acid in different media. The pH values studied, using an oil-in-water emulsion as model system, were 3, 5 (with and without phosphate buffer), and 9. Effects of mixtures of caffeic acid, bovine serum albumin (BSA), and Fe (III) on oxidative deterioration in the emulsion samples were studied. The results show that the antioxidant activity of caffeic acid was increased by the presence of BSA. This effect was pH dependent and was affected by the presence of iron Ions. Antibacterial properties were also pH dependent. The minimum concentration of caffeic acid required to inhibit some microorganisms in the pH range of 5 to 7 was determined. A concentration of 0.41% (w/w) caffeic acid was enough to inhibit the growth of some of the studied microorganisms in the pH range of 5 to 7. However, near-neutral pH concentrations higher than 0.4% were needed to inhibit some microorganisms, including Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli, and Staphylococcus aureus, in the medium.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13592
Uncontrolled Keywords:antioxidants, antimicrobial activity, caffele acid, emulsions, protein, LIPID OXIDATION, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, PHENOLIC-ACIDS, CHLOROGENIC, ACID, FOOD EMULSIONS, PLANT PHENOLS, FERRIC IONS, PROTEINS, POLYPHENOLS, INHIBIT

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