Isolation, fractionation and characterisation of proteins from Mucuna bean
Adebowale, Y.A., Adeyemi, I.A., Oshodi, A.A. and Niranjan, K. (2007) Isolation, fractionation and characterisation of proteins from Mucuna bean. Food Chemistry, 104 (1). pp. 287-299. ISSN 0308-8146
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.11.050
The chemical composition and fractional distribution of protein isolates prepared from species of Mucuna bean were studied. Using six different extraction media, the yield of protein based on the Kjeldahl procedure varied from 8% to 34%, and the protein content varied from 75% to 95%. When the yields were high, the colour of the isolates generally tended to be dark and unsatisfactory. Hence, the use of chemical treatments and high pressure processing were explored. The solubility maxima for the protein isolates in water were found to occur at pH values of 2.0 and 11.0, while the pH corresponding to minimum solubility (i.e. isoelectric region) occurred at pH values of 4.0 and 5.0. The total essential amino acid in the isolates ranged from 495 to 557 mg g(-1) protein, which compares favourably with the recommended level for pre-school and school children. Methionine and cysteine were the limiting amino acids. A key nutritional attribute of the protein isolates was its high lysine content. The isolate can therefore complement cereal-based foods which are deficient in lysine. The proteins mainly consisted of albumins, glutelins and globulins. Prolamins were only present in trace concentration (< 0.3%). Gel filtration chromatograms of the isolates indicated the presence of major protein fractions with molecular weights of 40 and 15 kDa, while gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) indicated a major broad zone with molecular weights of 36 +/- 7 and 17.3 +/- 13 kDa. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.