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Heat-inactivated peroxidases and the role of calcium abstraction as a cause of their enhanced lipid oxidation activity: potential effects on the flavour quality of heat-processed vegetables

Adams, J.B., Brown, H.M., Ledward, D.A. and Turner, R. (2003) Heat-inactivated peroxidases and the role of calcium abstraction as a cause of their enhanced lipid oxidation activity: potential effects on the flavour quality of heat-processed vegetables. Food Chemistry, 80 (4). pp. 499-510. ISSN 0308-8146

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00319-9

Abstract/Summary

Cationic swede and anionic turnip peroxidases were partially purified by ion-exchange and gel-filtration chromatography, respectively. Heat treatment of these enzymes and of a commercial high purity horseradish peroxidase (HRP) caused a loss of enzyme activity and a corresponding increase in linoleic acid hydroperoxide formation activity. The hydroperoxide levels in model systems increased only in the early stages of the oxidation reaction and then declined as degradation became more significant. The presence of a dialysed blend of cooked swede markedly lowered the hydroperoxide level formed. Analysis of volatile compounds formed showed that hexanal predominated in a buffer system and in a blend of cooked turnip. In dialysed blends of cooked swede, hexanol was the primary volatile compound generated. After inactivation under mild conditions in the presence of EDTA, the peroxidases showed hydroperoxide formation activity and patterns of volatile compounds from linoleic acid that were similar to those found on heat-inactivation. This suggested that calcium abstraction from the peroxidases was critical for the enhancement of lipid oxidation activity. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13604
Uncontrolled Keywords:peroxidase, calcium abstraction, lipid oxidation, heat-processed vegetable flavour , HORSERADISH-PEROXIDASE, MANGANESE PEROXIDASE, OXYGENATION, CATALYSTS, ION

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