pH-mediated interactions between poly(acrylic acid) and methylcellulose in the formation of ultrathin multilayered hydrogels and spherical nanoparticles
Khutoryanskaya, O.V., Williams, A.C. and Khutoryanskiy, V.V. (2007) pH-mediated interactions between poly(acrylic acid) and methylcellulose in the formation of ultrathin multilayered hydrogels and spherical nanoparticles. Macromolecules, 40 (21). pp. 7707-7713. ISSN 0024-9297
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1021/ma071644v
Poly(acrylic acid) forms insoluble hydrogen-bonded interpolymer complexes with methylcellulose in aqueous solutions under acidic conditions. In this work the reaction heats and binding constants were determined for the complexation between poly(acrylic acid) and methylcellulose by isothermal titration calorimetry at different pH and findings are correlated with the aggregation processes occurring in this system. The principal contribution to the complexation heat results from primary polycomplex particle aggregation. Transmission electron microscopy of nanoparticles produced at pH 1.4 and 2.4 demonstrated that they are spherical and dense structures. The nanoparticles ranged from 80 to 200 nm, whereas particles formed at pH 3.2 were 20-30 nm and were stabilized against aggregation by a network of uncomplexed macromolecules. For the first time, multilayered materials were developed on the basis of hydrogen-bonded complexes of poly(acrylic acid) and methylcellulose using layer-by-layer deposition on a glass surface. The thickness of these films was a linear function of the number of deposition cycles. The materials were subsequently cross-linked by thermal treatment, resulting in ultrathin hydrogels which detached from the glass substrate upon swelling. The swelling capacity of ultrathin hydrogels differed from the swelling of the thicker films of a similar chemical composition.