Effect of abomasal glucose infusion on plasma concentrations of gut peptides in periparturient dairy cows
Larsen, M., Relling, A.E., Reynolds, C. K. and Kristensen, N.B. (2010) Effect of abomasal glucose infusion on plasma concentrations of gut peptides in periparturient dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 93 (12). pp. 5729-5736. ISSN 0022-0302
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To link to this article DOI: 10.3168/jds.2010-3258
Six Holstein cows fitted with ruminal cannulas and permanent indwelling catheters in the portal vein, hepatic vein, mesenteric vein, and an artery were used to study the effects of abomasal glucose infusion on splanchnic plasma concentrations of gut peptides. The experimental design was a randomized block design with repeated measurements. Cows were assigned to one of 2 treatments: control or infusion of 1,500 g of glucose/d into the abomasum from the day of parturition to 29 d in milk. Cows were sampled 12 ± 6 d prepartum and at 4, 15, and 29 d in milk. Concentrations of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, glucagon-like peptide 1(7–36) amide, and oxyntomodulin were measured in pooled samples within cow and sampling day, whereas active ghrelin was measured in samples obtained 30 min before and after feeding at 0800 h. Postpartum, dry matter intake increased at a lower rate with infusion compared with the control. Arterial, portal venous, and hepatic venous plasma concentrations of the measured gut peptides were unaffected by abomasal glucose infusion. The arterial, portal venous, and hepatic venous plasma concentrations of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and glucagon-like peptide 1(7–36) amide increased linearly from 12 d prepartum to 29 d postpartum. Plasma concentrations of oxyntomodulin were unaffected by day relative to parturition. Arterial and portal venous plasma concentrations of ghrelin were lower postfeeding compared with prefeeding concentrations. Arterial plasma concentrations of ghrelin were greatest prepartum and lowest at 4 d postpartum, giving a quadratic pattern of change over the transition period. Positive portal venous-arterial and hepatic venous–arterial concentration differences were observed for glucagon-like peptide 1(7–36) amide. A negative portal venous–arterial concentration difference was observed for ghrelin pre-feeding. The remaining portal venous–arterial and hepatic venous–arterial concentration differences of gut peptides did not differ from zero. In conclusion, increased postruminal glucose supply to postpartum transition dairy cows reduced feed intake relative to control cows, but did not affect arterial, portal venous, or hepatic venous plasma concentrations of gut peptide hormones. Instead, gut peptide plasma concentrations increased as lactation progressed. Thus, the lower feed intake of postpartum dairy cows receiving abomasal glucose infusion was not attributable to changes in gut peptide concentrations.