Corynebacterium capitovis sp. nov., from a sheep
Collins, M. D., Hoyles, L., Foster, G., Sjödén, B. and Falsen, E. (2001) Corynebacterium capitovis sp. nov., from a sheep. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 51 (3). pp. 857-860. ISSN 1466-5034
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Official URL: http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/content/51/3/857.abstra...
An unknown Gram-positive rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from skin scrapings from the infected head of a sheep and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Chemical analysis revealed the presence of straight-chain and monounsaturated fatty acids and short-chain (C32-C36) mycolic acids consistent with the genus Corynebacterium. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing confirmed that the unknown rod was a member of the genus Corynebacterium, with the organism forming a distinct sub-line and displaying greater than 3% sequence divergence with established species. The unknown Corynebacterium isolate was readily distinguished from recognized species of the genus by biochemical tests and electrophoretic analysis of whole-cell proteins. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium from a sheep be classified in the genus Corynebacterium, as Corynebacterium capitovis sp. nov. The type strain of Corynebacterium capitovis is CCUG 39779T (= CIP 106739T).