Williams Syndrome: the extent of agreement between parent and self report of psychological difficulties
Freeman, K., Williams, T. I., Farran, E. and Brown, J. (2010) Williams Syndrome: the extent of agreement between parent and self report of psychological difficulties. European Journal of Psychiatry, 24 (3). pp. 167-175. ISSN 0213-6163
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Background and Objectives: People with Williams syndrome (WS) have been reported by their carers to have problems with attention, anxiety and social relationships. People with WS have been shown to report their anxieties. This study extends our knowledge of how people with WS see themselves in terms of behaviour and social relationships. Methods: A survey using self and parent report forms of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Results: Both parents and individuals with WS (N = 31) reported difficulties in emotional disorder and hyperactivity symptoms and strengths in prosocial behaviours such as altruism and empathy. They disagreed about peer problems. Conclusions: People with WS understand some but not all of their difficulties. In particular they fail to recognize their social difficulties which may lead them to be vulnerable to exploitation.