The molecular structure of propylene sulphide (methylthiirane) by gas-phase electron diffraction and theoretical calculations: a molecule used in MOCVD
Aarset, K., Page, E. M. and Rice, D. A. (2011) The molecular structure of propylene sulphide (methylthiirane) by gas-phase electron diffraction and theoretical calculations: a molecule used in MOCVD. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1002 (1-3). pp. 19-23. ISSN 0022-2860
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2011.06.032
Gas-phase electron-diffraction (GED) data together with results from ab initio molecular orbital calculations have been used to determine the structure of propylene sulphide. Values found for the main structural parameters for the molecule are consistent with those obtained from microwave studies and are compared here with those found for similar sulphur containing rings of general formula S(CH2)n (n = 2–5). A high ring strain enthalpy was calculated for propylene sulphide which is consistent with the small C–S–C angle (48.2(6)degrees) and the relatively long C–S bond lengths (ra = 1.831(2) Å). This is thought to account for the ease of ring opening in propylene sulphide observed in MOCVD reactions and the ready polymerisation of the molecule.