Evaluation of an improved tracer method to monitor cheese curd syneresis at varying milk fat levels in a cheese vat
Talens, C., O'Callaghan, D. J., Everard, C. D., Fagan, C. C., Castillo, M., Payne, F. A. and O'Donnell, C. P. (2009) Evaluation of an improved tracer method to monitor cheese curd syneresis at varying milk fat levels in a cheese vat. Milchwissenschaft, 64. pp. 161-164. ISSN 0026-3788
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Previous studies have reported that cheese curd syneresis kinetics can be monitored by dilution of chemical tracers, such as Blue Dextran, in whey. The objective of this study was to evaluate an improved tracer method to monitor whey volumes expelled over time during syneresis. Two experiments with different ranges of milk fat (0-5% and 2.3-3.5%) were carried out in an 11 L double-O laboratory scale cheese vat. Tracer was added to the curd-whey mixture during the cutting phase of cheese making and samples were taken at 10 min intervals up to 75 min after cutting. The volume of whey expelled was measured gravimetrically and the dilution of tracer in the whey was measured by absorbance at 620 nm. The volumes of whey expelled were significantly reduced at higher milk fat levels. Whey yield was predicted with a SEP ranging from 3.2 to 6.3 g whey/100 mL of milk and a CV ranging from 2.03 to 2.7% at different milk fat levels.