Role of NleH, a Type III Secreted Effector from Attaching and Effacing Pathogens, in Colonization of the Bovine, Ovine, and Murine Gut
Hemrajani, C., Marches, O., Wiles, S., Girard, F., Dennis, A., Dziva, F., Best, A., Phillips, A. D., Berger, C. N., Mousnier, A., Crepin, V. F., Kruidenier, L., Woodward, M. J., Stevens, M. P., La Ragione, R. M., MacDonald, T. T. and Frankel, G. (2008) Role of NleH, a Type III Secreted Effector from Attaching and Effacing Pathogens, in Colonization of the Bovine, Ovine, and Murine Gut. Infection and Immunity, 76 (11). pp. 4804-4813. ISSN 0019-9567
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1128/iai.00742-08
The human pathogen enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 colonizes human and animal gut via formation of attaching and effacing lesions. EHEC strains use a type III secretion system to translocate a battery of effector proteins into the mammalian host cell, which subvert diverse signal transduction pathways implicated in actin dynamics, phagocytosis, and innate immunity. The genomes of sequenced EHEC O157: H7 strains contain two copies of the effector protein gene nleH, which share 49% sequence similarity with the gene for the Shigella effector OspG, recently implicated in inhibition of migration of the transcriptional regulator NF-kappa B to the nucleus. In this study we investigated the role of NleH during EHEC O157: H7 infection of calves and lambs. We found that while EHEC Delta nleH colonized the bovine gut more efficiently than the wild-type strain, in lambs the wild-type strain exhibited a competitive advantage over the mutant during mixed infection. Using the mouse pathogen Citrobacter rodentium, which shares many virulence factors with EHEC O157: H7, including NleH, we observed that the wild-type strain exhibited a competitive advantage over the mutant during mixed infection. We found no measurable differences in T-cell infiltration or hyperplasia in colons of mice inoculated with the wild-type or the nleH mutant strain. Using NF-kappa B reporter mice carrying a transgene containing a luciferase reporter driven by three NF-kappa B response elements, we found that NleH causes an increase in NF-kappa B activity in the colonic mucosa. Consistent with this, we found that the nleH mutant triggered a significantly lower tumor necrosis factor alpha response than the wild-type strain.