Accessibility navigation


Revealing and quantifying the impaired phonological analysis underpinning impaired comprehension in Wernicke’s aphasia

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Robson, H., Sage, K. and Lambon Ralph, M. A. (2012) Revealing and quantifying the impaired phonological analysis underpinning impaired comprehension in Wernicke’s aphasia. Neuropsychologia, 50 (2). pp. 276-288. ISSN 0028-3932

[img] Text - Accepted Version
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.

124Kb
[img]
Preview
Text - Accepted Version
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.

132Kb

To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.11.022

Abstract/Summary

Wernicke’s aphasia is a condition which results in severely disrupted language comprehension following a lesion to the left temporo-parietal region. A phonological analysis deficit has traditionally been held to be at the root of the comprehension impairment in WA, a view consistent with current functional neuroimaging which finds areas in the superior temporal cortex responsive to phonological stimuli. However behavioural evidence to support the link between a phonological analysis deficit and auditory comprehension has not been yet shown. This study extends seminal work by Blumstein et al. (1977) to investigate the relationship between acoustic-phonological perception, measured through phonological discrimination, and auditory comprehension in a case series of Wernicke’s aphasia participants. A novel adaptive phonological discrimination task was used to obtain reliable thresholds of the phonological perceptual distance required between nonwords before they could be discriminated. Wernicke’s aphasia participants showed significantly elevated thresholds compared to age and hearing matched control participants. Acoustic-phonological thresholds correlated strongly with auditory comprehension abilities in Wernicke’s aphasia. In contrast, nonverbal semantic skills showed no relationship with auditory comprehension. The results are evaluated in the context of recent neurobiological models of language and suggest that impaired acoustic-phonological perception underlies the comprehension impairment in Wernicke’s aphasia and favour models of language which propose a leftward asymmetry in phonological analysis.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Language and Cognition
ID Code:29656
Uncontrolled Keywords:Wernicke'sAphasia; Comprehension; Phonology; Semantics; Auditory discrimination
Publisher:Elsevier

Download Statistics for this item.

Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation