Characterisation of attaching-effacing Escherichia coli isolated from animals at slaughter in England and Wales
Aktan, I., Sprigings, K. A., La Ragione, R. M., Faulkner, L. M., Paiba, G. A. and Woodward, M. J. (2004) Characterisation of attaching-effacing Escherichia coli isolated from animals at slaughter in England and Wales. Veterinary Microbiology, 102 (1-2). pp. 43-53. ISSN 0378-1135
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2004.04.013
Escherichia coli isolates were recovered from faecal samples taken from cattle, sheep and pigs at slaughter in England and Wales. Isolates (n = 1227) selected at random from this collection were each hybridised in colony dot-blot experiments with an eae gene probe that presumptively identified attaching-effacing E. coli (AEEC). Of the 99 (8.1%) eae positive isolates 72 were of ovine origin, 24 were of bovine origin and three of porcine origin. None were typed as O157:H7 whereas 78 were assigned to 23 serogroups and 21 were untypable. The most frequently isolated eae positive serogroups were O156 (10), O26 (8), O103 (8), O108 (7) O56 (6) and O168 (6) of which serogroups O103 and O156 only were recovered from all three animal species. In tissue culture adherence assays, 36 representatives of eae positive isolates of all serogroups and host of origin tested induced intimate attachment with varying degrees of actin accumulation and pedestal formation in the HEp-2 cells. The identity of the eae type for these 36 was determined by specific PCR and the most prevalent intimin types were caebeta (15), eaegamma (12) and eaeepsilon (4). Isolates were examined by PCR for the presence of other virulence determinants and five possessed stx1 but none possessed stx2. One O115 eaeepsilon isolate possessed cnf1 and 2, hlyA, etpD and katP genes which is a novel combination of virulence determinants.