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Voltage-gated potassium currents within the dorsal vagal nucleus: inhibition by BDS toxin

Dallas, M. L., Morris, N. P., Lewis, D. I., Deuchars, S. A. and Deuchars, J. (2008) Voltage-gated potassium currents within the dorsal vagal nucleus: inhibition by BDS toxin. Brain Research, 1189. pp. 51-57. ISSN 0006-8993

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2007.10.090

Abstract/Summary

Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels are essential components of neuronal excitability. The Kv3.4 channel protein is widely distributed throughout the central nervous system (CNS), where it can form heteromeric or homomeric Kv3 channels. Electrophysiological studies reported here highlight a functional role for this channel protein within neurons of the dorsal vagal nucleus (DVN). Current clamp experiments revealed that blood depressing substance (BDS) and intracellular dialysis of an anti-Kv3.4 antibody prolonged the action potential duration. In addition, a BDS sensitive, voltage-dependent, slowly inactivating outward current was observed in voltage clamp recordings from DVN neurons. Electrical stimulation of the solitary tract evoked EPSPs and IPSPs in DVN neurons and BDS increased the average amplitude and decreased the paired pulse ratio, consistent with a presynaptic site of action. This presynaptic modulation was action potential dependent as revealed by ongoing synaptic activity. Given the role of the Kv3 proteins in shaping neuronal excitability, these data highlight a role for homomeric Kv3.4 channels in spike timing and neurotransmitter release in low frequency firing neurons of the DVN.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy
No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:30356
Uncontrolled Keywords:Patch clamp; Blood depressing substance; Dorsal vagal nucleus
Publisher:Elsevier

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