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p90 ribosomal S6 kinases play a significant role in early gene regulation in the cardiomyocyte response to Gq protein-coupled receptor stimuli, endothelin-1 and α1-adrenergic receptor agonists

Amirak, E., Fuller, S. J., Sugden, P. H. and Clerk, A. (2013) p90 ribosomal S6 kinases play a significant role in early gene regulation in the cardiomyocyte response to Gq protein-coupled receptor stimuli, endothelin-1 and α1-adrenergic receptor agonists. Biochemical Journal, 450 (2). pp. 351-363. ISSN 0264-6021

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1042/BJ20121371

Abstract/Summary

Extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) and their substrates, p90 ribosomal S6 kinases (RSKs), phosphorylate different transcription factors, contributing differentially to transcriptomic profiles. In cardiomyocytes, ERK1/2 are required for >70% of the transcriptomic response to endothelin-1. Here, we investigated the role of RSKs in the transcriptomic responses to Gq protein-coupled receptor agonists, endothelin-1, phenylephrine (generic α1-adrenergic receptor agonist) and A61603 (α1A-adrenergic receptor selective). Phospho-ERK1/2 and phospho-RSKs appeared in cardiomyocyte nuclei within 2-3 min of stimulation (endothelin-1>a61603≈phenylephrine). All agonists increased nuclear RSK2, but only endothelin-1 increased nuclear RSK1 content. PD184352 (inhibits ERK1/2 activation) and BI-D1870 (inhibits RSKs) were used to dissect the contribution of RSKs to the endothelin-1-responsive transcriptome. Of 213 RNAs upregulated at 1 h, 51% required RSKs for upregulation whereas 29% required ERK1/2 but not RSKs. The transcriptomic response to phenylephrine overlapped with, but was not identical to, endothelin-1. As with endothelin-1, PD184352 inhibited upregulation of most phenylephrine-responsive transcripts, but the greater variation in effects of BI-D1870 suggests that differential RSK signalling influences global gene expression. A61603 induced similar changes in RNA expression in cardiomyocytes as phenylephrine, indicating that the signal was mediated largely through α1A-adrenergic receptors. A61603 also increased expression of immediate early genes in perfused adult rat hearts and, as in cardiomyocytes, upregulation of the majority of genes was inhibited by PD184352. PD184352 or BI-D1870 prevented the increased surface area induced by endothelin-1 in cardiomyocytes. Thus, RSKs play a significant role in regulating cardiomyocyte gene expression and hypertrophy in response to Gq protein-coupled receptor stimulation.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:30655
Publisher:Portland Press Limited
Publisher Statement:Publication of the article, as per the agreed terms of the Opt2Pay Licence to Publish

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