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Transition from an anti-phase error-correction-mode to a synchronization mode in the mutual hand tracking

Hayashi, Y. and Sawada, Y. (2013) Transition from an anti-phase error-correction-mode to a synchronization mode in the mutual hand tracking. Physical Review E, 88 (2). 022704. ISSN 1539-3755

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.022704

Abstract/Summary

Proactive motion in hand tracking and in finger bending, in which the body motion occurs prior to the reference signal, was reported by the preceding researchers when the target signals were shown to the subjects at relatively high speed or high frequencies. These phenomena indicate that the human sensory-motor system tends to choose an anticipatory mode rather than a reactive mode, when the target motion is relatively fast. The present research was undertaken to study what kind of mode appears in the sensory-motor system when two persons were asked to track the hand position of the partner with each other at various mean tracking frequency. The experimental results showed a transition from a mutual error-correction mode to a synchronization mode occurred in the same region of the tracking frequency with that of the transition from a reactive error-correction mode to a proactive anticipatory mode in the mechanical target tracking experiments. Present research indicated that synchronization of body motion occurred only when both of the pair subjects operated in a proactive anticipatory mode. We also presented mathematical models to explain the behavior of the error-correction mode and the synchronization mode.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Department of Bio-Engineering
ID Code:31708
Additional Information:This work was supported by The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Priority Areas (Mobiligence), No. 18047010.
Publisher:American Physical Society

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