Transport in the middle atmosphere
Shepherd, T. G. (2007) Transport in the middle atmosphere. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 85B. pp. 165-191. ISSN 0026-1165
Official URL: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jmsj/85B/0/_co...
An overview is provided of the current understanding of transport in the middle atmosphere. Over the past quarter century this subject has evolved from a basic recognition of the Brewer-Dobson circulation to a detailed appreciation of many key features of transport such as the stratospheric surf zone, mixing barriers and the dynamics of filamentation. Whilst the elegant theoretical framework for middle atmosphere transport that emerged roughly twenty years ago never fulfilled its promise, useful phenomenological models have been developed together with innovative diagnostic methods. These advances were made possible by the advent of plenty of satellite and aircraft observations of long-lived chemical species together with developments in data assimilation and numerical modeling, and have been driven in large measure by the problem of stratospheric ozone depletion. This review is primarily focused on the stratosphere, where both the interest and the knowledge are the greatest, but a few remarks are also made on the mesosphere.