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Curcumin protects organotypic hippocampal slice cultures 4 from Ab1–42 -induced synaptic toxicity

Hoppe, J. B., Haag, M., Whalley, B. J., Salbego, C. G. and Cimarosti, H. (2013) Curcumin protects organotypic hippocampal slice cultures 4 from Ab1–42 -induced synaptic toxicity. Toxicology in Vitro, 27 (8). pp. 2325-2330. ISSN 1879-3177

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2013.10.002

Abstract/Summary

Increasing evidence demonstrates that beta-amyloid (Ab) is toxic to synapses, resulting in the progressive dismantling of neuronal circuits. Counteract the synaptotoxic effects of Ab could be particularly relevant for providing effective treatments for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Curcumin was recently reported to improve learning and memory in animal models of AD. Little is currently known about the specific mechanisms by which Ab affects neuronal excitability and curcumin ameliorates synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. Organotypic hippocampal slice cultures exposed to Ab1–42 were used to study the neuroprotective effects of curcumin through a spectral analysis of multi-electrode array (MEA) recordings of spontaneous neuronal activity. Curcumin counteracted both deleterious effects of Ab; the initial synaptic dysfunction and the later neuronal death. The analysis of MEA recordings of spontaneous neuronal activity showed an attenuation of signal propagation induced by Ab before cell death and curcumin-induced alterations to local field potential (LFP) phase coherence. Curcumin-mediated attenuation of Ab-induced synaptic dysfunction involved regulation of synaptic proteins, namely phospho-CaMKII and phosphosynapsin I. Taken together, our results expand the neuroprotective role of curcumin to a synaptic level. The identification of these mechanisms underlying the effects of curcumin may lead to new targets for future therapies for AD.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and Neurodynamics (CINN)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Division of Pharmacology
ID Code:34943
Uncontrolled Keywords:Beta-amyloid peptide; CaMKII; Curcumin; Multi-electrode array; Organotypic hippocampal slice culture; Synapsin I
Publisher:Elsevier

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