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Use of virulence determinants and seropathotypes to distinguish high- and low-risk Escherichia coli O157 and non-O157 isolates from Europe

Anjum, M.F., Jones, E., Morrison, V., Tozzoli, R., Morabito, S., Toth, I., Nagy, B., Smith, G., Aspan, A., Nielsen, E. M., Fach, P., Echeita, A., Woodward, M. and La Ragione, R. M. (2014) Use of virulence determinants and seropathotypes to distinguish high- and low-risk Escherichia coli O157 and non-O157 isolates from Europe. Epidemiology and Infection, 142 (5). pp. 1019-1028. ISSN 1469-4409

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1017/S0950268813001635

Abstract/Summary

The presence of 10 virulence genes was examined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 365 European O157 and non-O157 Escherichia coli isolates associated with verotoxin production. Strain-specific PCR data were analysed using hierarchical clustering. The resulting dendrogram clearly separated O157 from non-O157 strains. The former clustered typical high-risk seropathotype (SPT) A strains from all regions, including Sweden and Spain, which were homogenous by Cramer's V statistic, and strains with less typical O157 features mostly from Hungary. The non-O157 strains divided into a high-risk SPTB harbouring O26, O111 and O103 strains, a group pathogenic to pigs, and a group with few virulence genes other than for verotoxin. The data demonstrate SPT designation and selected PCR separated verotoxigenic E. coli of high and low risk to humans; although more virulence genes or pulsed-field gel electrophoresis will need to be included to separate high-risk strains further for epidemiological tracing.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
ID Code:36513
Uncontrolled Keywords:Escherichia coli ; Europe; verotoxigenic; virulence
Publisher:Cambridge University Press

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