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Forgetting as a consequence of retrieval: a meta-analytic review of retrieval-induced forgetting

Murayama, K., Miyatsu, T., Buchli, D. and Storm, B. C. (2014) Forgetting as a consequence of retrieval: a meta-analytic review of retrieval-induced forgetting. Psychological Bulletin, 140 (5). pp. 1383-1409. ISSN 1939-1455

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1037/a0037505

Abstract/Summary

Retrieving a subset of items can cause the forgetting of other items, a phenomenon referred to as retrieval-induced forgetting. According to some theorists, retrieval-induced forgetting is the consequence of an inhibitory mechanism that acts to reduce the accessibility of non-target items that interfere with the retrieval of target items. Other theorists argue that inhibition is unnecessary to account for retrieval-induced forgetting, contending instead that the phenomenon can be best explained by non-inhibitory mechanisms, such as strength-based competition or blocking. The current paper provides the first major meta-analysis of retrieval-induced forgetting, conducted with the primary purpose of quantitatively evaluating the multitude of findings that have been used to contrast these two theoretical viewpoints. The results largely supported inhibition accounts, but also provided some challenging evidence, with the nature of the results often varying as a function of how retrieval-induced forgetting was assessed. Implications for further research and theory development are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Language and Cognition
ID Code:37052
Publisher:American Psychological Association

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