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Effect of high temperature and water stress on groundnuts under field conditions

Kakani, V. G., Wheeler, T. R., Craufurd, P. Q. and Rachaputi, R. C. N. (2015) Effect of high temperature and water stress on groundnuts under field conditions. In: Mahalingam, R. (ed.) Combined Stresses in Plants. Springer International Publishing, London, pp. 159-180. ISBN 9783319078984

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07899-1_8

Abstract/Summary

Groundnuts cultivated in the semiarid tropics are often exposed to water stress (mid-season and end season) and high temperature (> 34 °C) during the critical stages of flowering and pod development. This study evaluated the effects of both water stress and high temperature under field conditions at ICRISAT, India. Treatments included two irrigations (full irrigation, 100 % of crop evapotranspiration; and water stress, 40 % of crop evapotranspiration), four temperature treatments from a combination of two sowing dates and heat tunnels with mean temperatures from sowing to maturity of 26.3° (T1), 27.3° (T2), 29.0° (T3) and 29.7 °C (T4) and two genotypes TMV2 and ICGS 11. The heat tunnels were capable of raising the day temperature by > 10 °C compared to ambient. During the 20-day high-temperature treatment at flowering, mean temperatures were 33.8° (T1), 41.6° (T2), 38.7° (T3) and 43.5°C (T4). The effects of water stress and high temperature were additive and temporary for both vegetative and pod yield, and disappeared as soon as high-temperature stress was removed. Water use efficiency was significantly affected by the main effects of temperature and cultivar and not by water stress treatments. Genotypic differences for tolerance to high temperature can be attributed to differences in flowering pattern, flower number, peg-set and harvest index. It can be inferred from this study that genotypes that are tolerant to water stress are also tolerant to high temperature under field conditions. In addition, genotypes with an ability to establish greater biomass and with a significantly greater partitioning of biomass to pod yield would be suitable for sustaining higher yields in semiarid tropics with high temperature and water stress.

Item Type:Book or Report Section
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Walker Institute
ID Code:40651
Uncontrolled Keywords:Groundnut High temperature Semiarid tropics Tolerance Water stress Water use efficiency Yield
Publisher:Springer International Publishing

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