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Translational research and therapeutic applications of neural crest-derived stem cells in regenerative periodontology

Grimm, W.-D., Giesenhagen, B., Hakki, S., Schau, I., Sirak, S., Sletov, A., Varga, G., Vukovic, M. A. and Widera, D. (2015) Translational research and therapeutic applications of neural crest-derived stem cells in regenerative periodontology. Current Oral Health Reports, 2 (4). pp. 266-274. ISSN 2196-3002

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s40496-015-0067-6

Abstract/Summary

Regeneration of periodontal tissues aims to utilize tissue engineering techniques to restore lost periodontal tissues including the cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Regenerative dentistry and its special field regenerative periodontology represent relatively new and emerging branches of translational stem cell biology and regenerative medicine focusing on replacing and regenerating dental tissues to restore or re-establish their normal function lost during degenerative diseases or acute lesions. The regeneration itself can be achieved through transplantation of autologous or allogenic stem cells, or by improving the tissue self-repair mechanisms (e.g. by application of growth factors). In addition, a combination of stem cells or stem cell-containing tissue with bone implants can be used to improve tissue integration and the clinical outcome. As the oral cavity represents a complex system consisting of teeth, bone, soft tissues and sensory nerves, regenerative periodontology relies on the use of stem cells with relatively high developmental potential. Notably, the potential use of pluripotent stem cell types such as human embryonic stem cells or induced pluripotent stem cells is still aggravated by ethical and practical problems. Thus, other cellular sources such as those readily available in the postnatal craniofacial area and particularly in oral structures offer a much better and realistic alternative as cellular regenerative sources. In this review, we summarize current knowledge on the oral neural crest-derived stem cell populations (oNCSCs) and discuss their potential in regenerative periodontology.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Division of Pharmacology
ID Code:44019
Additional Information:Topical collection on stem cell biology for tooth and periodontal regeneration
Publisher:Springer

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