Cross-modal preference acquisition: evaluative conditioning of pictures by affective olfactory and auditory cues
Van Reekum, C. M., van den Berg, H. and Frijda, N. H. (1999) Cross-modal preference acquisition: evaluative conditioning of pictures by affective olfactory and auditory cues. Cognition & Emotion, 13 (6). pp. 831-836. ISSN 0269-9931
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/026999399379104
In this research, a cross-model paradigm was chosen to test the hypothesis that affective olfactory and auditory cues paired with neutral visual stimuli bearing no resemblance or logical connection to the affective cues can evoke preference shifts in those stimuli. Neutral visual stimuli of abstract paintings were presented simultaneously with liked and disliked odours and sounds, with neutral-neutral pairings serving as controls. The results confirm previous findings that the affective evaluation of previously neutral visual stimuli shifts in the direction of contingently presented affective auditory stimuli. In addition, this research shows the presence of conditioning with affective odours having no logical connection with the pictures.