Learning a procedural task: effectiveness of multimedia presentations
Michas, I. C. and Berry, D. C. (2000) Learning a procedural task: effectiveness of multimedia presentations. Applied cognitive psychology, 14 (6). pp. 555-575. ISSN 0888-4080
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/1099-0720(200011/12)14:6<555::AID-ACP677>3.0.CO;2-4
Three experiments investigated the effectiveness of presenting procedural information through different media and their combinations. Experiment 1 examined the effectiveness of text, line drawings, text and line drawings, video. and video stills for learning a first aid task. The results showed an advantage of text and line drawings and of the video presentation over the other three conditions for both bandaging performance and answering questions about the task. Experiment 2 showed that the beneficial effect of the combination of text and pictures could not be accounted for simply in terms of a dual coding explanation. Rather, the effectiveness of the media and their combinations was influenced by the extent to which they conveyed action information. Finally, Experiment 3 showed no evidence of a contiguity effect: text and pictures were as effective when presented together on the same screen as when they were presented separately. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.