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Brachyspira pilosicoli-induced avian intestinal spirochaetosis

Le Roy, C. I., Mappley, L. J., La Ragione, R. M., Woodward, M. J. and Claus, S. P. (2015) Brachyspira pilosicoli-induced avian intestinal spirochaetosis. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, 26. 28853. ISSN 1651-2235

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3402/mehd.v26.28853

Abstract/Summary

Avian intestinal spirochetosis (AIS) is a common disease occurring in poultry that can be caused by Brachyspira pilosicoli, a Gram-negative bacterium of the order Spirochaetes. During AIS, this opportunistic pathogen colonises the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract of poultry (principally the ileum, caeca and colon), which can cause symptoms such as diarrhoea, reduced growth rate and reduced egg production and quality. Due to the large increase of bacterial resistance to antibiotic treatment, the European Union banned in 2006 the prophylactic use of antibiotics as growth promoters in livestock. Consequently, the number of outbreaks of AIS has dramatically increased in the UK resulting in significant economic losses. This review summaries the current knowledge about AIS infection caused by B. pilosicoli and discusses various treatments and prevention strategies to control AIS.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
ID Code:49323
Publisher:Co-Action Publishing

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