Assimilation of stratospheric ozone from MIPAS into a global general-circulation model: The September 2002 vortex split
Geer, A. J., Peubey, C., Bannister, R. N., Brugge, R., Jackson, D. R., Lahoz, W. A., Migliorini, S., O'Neill, A. and Swinbank, R. (2006) Assimilation of stratospheric ozone from MIPAS into a global general-circulation model: The September 2002 vortex split. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 132 (614). pp. 231-257. ISSN 1477-870X
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Ozone and temperature profiles from the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) have been assimilated, using three-dimensional variational assimilation, into a stratosphere troposphere version of the Met Office numerical weather-prediction system. Analyses are made for the month of September 2002, when there was an unprecedented split in the southern hemisphere polar vortex. The analyses are validated against independent ozone observations from sondes, limb-occultation and total column ozone satellite instruments. Through most of the stratosphere, precision varies from 5 to 15%, and biases are 15% or less of the analysed field. Problems remain in the vortex and below the 60 hPa. level, especially at the tropopause where the analyses have too much ozone and poor agreement with independent data. Analysis problems are largely a result of the model rather than the data, giving confidence in the MIPAS ozone retrievals, though there may be a small high bias in MIPAS ozone in the lower stratosphere. Model issues include an excessive Brewer-Dobson circulation, which results both from known problems with the tracer transport scheme and from the data assimilation of dynamical variables. The extreme conditions of the vortex split reveal large differences between existing linear ozone photochemistry schemes. Despite these issues, the ozone analyses are able to successfully describe the ozone hole split and compare well to other studies of this event. Recommendations are made for the further development of the ozone assimilation system.