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Evidence of evolving extraintestinal enteroaggregative Escherichia coli ST38 clone

Chattaway, M. A., Jenkins, C., Ciesielczuk, H., Day, M., DoNascimento, V., Rodríguez, I., van Essen-Zandbergen, A., Schink, A.-K., Wu, G., Threlfall, J., Woodward, M. J., Coldham, N., Kadlec, K., Schwarz, S., Dierikx, C., Guerra, B., Helmuth, R., Mevius, D., Woodford, N. and Wain, J. (2014) Evidence of evolving extraintestinal enteroaggregative Escherichia coli ST38 clone. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20 (11). pp. 1935-1937. ISSN 1080-6040

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3201/eid2011.131845

Abstract/Summary

BACKGROUND: Several clones of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)–producing extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) have globally expanded their distribution. ExPEC infections often originate from the patient’s own intestinal flora, although the degree of overlap between diarrheagenic E. coli and ExPEC pathotypes is unclear. Relatively little is known about antimicrobial drug resistance in the most common diarrheagenic E. coli groups, including enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), and bacterial gastroenteritis is generally managed without use of antimicrobial drugs. APPROACHES: We conducted this study to establish the presence and characteristics of ESBL-producing EAEC in a well-defined collection of ESBL-producing isolates. The isolates were from human and animal sources in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. DNA from 359 ESBL isolates was screened for the presence of the EAEC transport regulator gene (aggR), located on the EAEC plasmid, using a real-time PCR assay and the phylogroup was determined for each positive isolate. A microarray was used to detect ESBL genes, such as blaCTX-M, at the group level, as previously described. The antimicrobial drug susceptibilities of EAEC isolates were determined and virulence factors associated with intestinal and extraintestinal infection and with EAEC were investigated . RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We assigned a virulence score (total number of virulence factor genes detected; maximum possible score 22) and a resistance score (total number of drug classes; maximum score 11) to each isolate. We isolated 11 EAEC from humans. Eight of the EAEC were isolated from urine specimens, and 1 was isolated from a blood culture; 63% belonged to phylogroup D (Table). EAEC ST38, the most common (55%) ST, was significantly associated with extraintestinal sites in the subset of 140 human isolates (Fisher exact test, p<0.0001)

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
ID Code:54613
Publisher:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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