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Working memory and working attention: What could possibly evolve?

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Beaman, C. P. (2010) Working memory and working attention: What could possibly evolve? Current Anthropology, 51 (S1). S27-S38. ISSN 0011-3204

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1086/650297

Abstract/Summary

The concept of “working” memory is traceable back to nineteenth century theorists (Baldwin, 1894; James 1890) but the term itself was not used until the mid-twentieth century (Miller, Galanter & Pribram, 1960). A variety of different explanatory constructs have since evolved which all make use of the working memory label (Miyake & Shah, 1999). This history is briefly reviewed and alternative formulations of working memory (as language-processor, executive attention, and global workspace) are considered as potential mechanisms for cognitive change within and between individuals and between species. A means, derived from the literature on human problem-solving (Newell & Simon, 1972), of tracing memory and computational demands across a single task is described and applied to two specific examples of tool-use by chimpanzees and early hominids. The examples show how specific proposals for necessary and/or sufficient computational and memory requirements can be more rigorously assessed on a task by task basis. General difficulties in connecting cognitive theories (arising from the observed capabilities of individuals deprived of material support) with archaeological data (primarily remnants of material culture) are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Language and Cognition
ID Code:5754
Additional Information:This paper was presented at “Working Memory and the Evolution of Modern Thinking” the 139th Wenner‐Gren Symposium and the 168th symposium in the overall Wenner‐Gren symposium series. The symposium was held March 7–14, 2008, at Fortaleza do Guincho, Cascais, Portugal.
Publisher:University of Chicago Press

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