Reconciling internalization theory and the eclectic paradigm
Rugman, A. M. (2010) Reconciling internalization theory and the eclectic paradigm. Multinational Business Review, 18 (2). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1525-383X
To link to this article DOI: 10.1108/1525383X201000007
The eclectic paradigm of Dunning (1980) (with its OLI and four motives for FDI framework) can be reconciled with the firm and country matrix of Rugman (1981). However, the fit is not perfect. The main reason for misalignment is that Dunning is focused upon outward FDI into host economies, whereas Rugman’s matrix is for firm-level strategy covering MNE activity in both home and host countries.