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Identification of differentially temperature regulated virulence factors of Campylobacter jejuni and tested in Galleria mellonella

Tang, Y., Cawthraw, S., Bagnall, M. C., Gielbert, A. J., Woodward, M. J. and Petrovska, L. (2017) Identification of differentially temperature regulated virulence factors of Campylobacter jejuni and tested in Galleria mellonella. AIMS Microbiology, 3 (4). pp. 885-898. ISSN 2471-1888

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3934/microbiol.2017.4.885

Abstract/Summary

Background Campylobacter jejuni is the major cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in man, while it is generally regarded as a commensal of the avian gut. Consumption and handling of contaminated poultry meat products are a major risk factor for human infection. The body temperature in man 37°C and chickens 42°C differ markedly, and differential gene regulation and protein expression at different temperatures may in part explain the behaviour in the two hosts. Results We performed proteomics analyses with C. jejuni cells grown at 37°C and 42°C. Q tof analysis was carried out after samples were digested with the Fasp method and peptides were fractionated by strong anion exchanges. Differentially regulated proteins were identified by Mascot and Scaffold analyses. QQQ analysis confirmed that a total of 33 proteins were differentially regulated between 37°C and 42°C. Several upregulated proteins were selected for their corresponding gene knock-out mutants to be tested for their virulence in the Galleria mellonella model. To correlate with other tissue/animal models, the GADH mutant was selected for its reduced ability to colonize chickens. At 37°C, the mutants of Omp50 and GroEL significantly increased virulence; while at 42°C, the mutants of YceI, Omp50, and GADH reduced virulence against Galleria mellonella compared with the wild type strains. Conclusion The results of current and previous studies indicate that GADH is a virulent factor in G. mellonella and a colonization factor in chickens. The workflow of this study may prove a new way to identify stress related virulent factors. The implications of these findings are discussed for pathogenesis in the model and other hosts.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
ID Code:66255
Publisher:AIMS Press

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