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Additional rare variant analysis in Parkinson's Disease cases with and without known pathogenic mutations: evidence for oligogenic inheritance

Lubbe, S. J., Escott-Price, V., Gibbs, J. R., Nalls, M. A., Bras, J., Price, T. R., Nicolas, A., Jansen, I. E., Mok, K. Y., Pittman, A. M., Tomkins, J. E., Lewis, P. A., Noyce, A. J., Lesage, S., Sharma, M., Schiff, E. R., Levine, A. P., Brice, A., Gasser, T., Hardy, J. , Heutink, P., Wood, N. W., Singleton, A. B., Williams, N. M. and Morris, H. R. (2016) Additional rare variant analysis in Parkinson's Disease cases with and without known pathogenic mutations: evidence for oligogenic inheritance. Human Molecular Genetics, 25 (24). pp. 5483-5489. ISSN 1460-2083

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddw348

Abstract/Summary

Oligogenic inheritance implies a role for several genetic factors in disease etiology. We studied oligogenic inheritance in Parkinson’s (PD) by assessing the potential burden of additional rare variants in established Mendelian genes and/or GBA, in individuals with and without a primary pathogenic genetic cause in two large independent cohorts totaling 7,900 PD cases and 6,166 controls. An excess (≥30%) of cases with a recognized primary genetic cause had ≥1 additional rare variants in Mendelian PD genes, as compared with no known mutation PD cases (17%) and unaffected controls (16%), supporting our hypothesis. Carriers of additional Mendelian gene variants have younger ages at onset (AAO). The effect of additional Mendelian variants in LRRK2 G2019S mutation carriers, of which ATP13A2 variation is particularly common, may account for some of the variation in penetrance. About 10% of no known mutation PD cases harbor a rare GBA variant compared to known pathogenic mutation PD cases (8%) and controls (5%), with carriers having earlier AAOs. Together, the data suggest that the oligogenic inheritance of rare Mendelian variants may be important in patient with a primary pathogenic cause, whereas GBA increases risk across all forms of PD. This study highlights potential genetic complexity of Mendelian PD. The identification of potential modifying variants provides new insights into disease mechanisms by potentially separating relevant from benign variants and by the interaction between genes in specific pathways. In the future this may be relevant to genetic testing and counselling of PD patients and their families.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Division of Pharmacology
ID Code:68039
Publisher:Oxford University Press

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