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The effect of pH control and ‘hydraulic flush’ on hydrolysis and Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) production and profile in anaerobic leach bed reactors digesting a high solids content substrate

Cysneiros, D., Banks, C. J., Heaven, S. and Karatzas, K.-A. (2012) The effect of pH control and ‘hydraulic flush’ on hydrolysis and Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) production and profile in anaerobic leach bed reactors digesting a high solids content substrate. Bioresource Technology. ISSN 0960-8524

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Abstract/Summary

The effect of hydraulic flush and pH control on hydrolysis, Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) production and profile in anaerobic leach bed reactors was investigated for the first time. Six reactors were operated under different regimes for two consecutive batches of 28 days each. Buffering at pH 6.5 improved hydrolysis (Volatile Solid (VS) degradation) and VFA production by 50%. Butyric and acetic acid were dominant when reactors were buffered, while only butyric acid was produced at low pH. Hydraulic flush enhanced VS degradation and VFA production by 15% and 32%, respectively. Most Probable Number (MPN) of cellulolytic microorganisms indicated a wash out when hydraulic flush was applied, but pH control helped to counteract this. The highest VS degradation (89%), VFA yield (0.84 kg COD kg1 VSadded) and theoretical methane potential (0.37 m3 CH4 kg1 VSadded) were obtained when pH control and hydraulic flush were applied, and therefore, these conditions are recommended.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
ID Code:68043
Publisher:Elsevier

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