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Evidence for shear-mediated Ca2+ entry through mechanosensitive cation channels in human platelets and a megakaryocytic cell line

Ilkan, Z., Wright, J. R., Goodall, A. H., Gibbins, J. M., Jones, C. I. and Mahaut-Smith, M. P. (2017) Evidence for shear-mediated Ca2+ entry through mechanosensitive cation channels in human platelets and a megakaryocytic cell line. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 292 (22). pp. 9204-9217. ISSN 1083-351X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M116.766196

Abstract/Summary

The role of mechanosensitive (MS) Ca2+-permeable ion channels in platelets is unclear, despite the importance of shear stress in platelet function. We sought to investigate the expression and functional relevance of MS channels in human platelets. The effect of shear stress on Ca2+ entry in human platelets and Meg-01 megakaryocytic cells loaded with Fluo-3 was examined by confocal microscopy. Cells were attached to microscope slides within flow chambers that allowed application of physiological and pathological shear stress. Arterial shear (1002.6s-1) induced a sustained increase in intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) in Meg-01 cells and enhanced the frequency of repetitive Ca2+ transients by 80% in platelets. These Ca2+ increases were abrogated by the MS channel inhibitor GsMTx-4 or by chelation of extracellular Ca2+. Thrombus formation was studied on collagen-coated surfaces using 3,3'-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide (DiOC6)-stained platelets. In addition, [Ca2+]i and functional responses of washed platelet suspensions were studied with Fura-2 and light transmission aggregometry, respectively. Thrombus size was reduced 50% by GsMTx-4 independently of P2X1 receptors. In contrast, GsMTx-4 had no effect on collagen-induced aggregation and on Ca2+ influx via TRPC6 or Orai1 channels, and caused only a minor inhibition of P2X1-dependent Ca2+ entry. The Piezo1 agonist, Yoda1, potentiated shear-dependent platelet Ca2+ transients by 170%. Piezo1 mRNA transcripts and protein were detected in both platelets and Meg-01 cells using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. We conclude that platelets and Meg-01 cells express the MS cation channel Piezo1, which may contribute to Ca2+ entry and thrombus formation under arterial shear stress.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:70237
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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