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Comparison of dimensionally-split and multi-dimensional atmospheric transport schemes for long time-steps

Chen, Y., Weller, H., Pring, S. and Shaw, J. (2017) Comparison of dimensionally-split and multi-dimensional atmospheric transport schemes for long time-steps. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143 (708). pp. 2764-2779. ISSN 1477-870X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/qj.3125

Abstract/Summary

Dimensionally split advection schemes are attractive for atmospheric modelling due to their efficiency and accuracy in each spatial dimension. Accurate long time steps can be achieved without significant cost using the flux-form semi-Lagrangian technique. The dimensionally split scheme used in this paper is constructed from the one-dimensional Piecewise Parabolic Method and extended to two dimensions using COSMIC splitting. The dimensionally split scheme is compared with a genuinely multi-dimensional, method of lines scheme which, with implicit time-stepping, is stable for Courant numbers significantly larger than one. Two-dimensional advection test cases on Cartesian planes are proposed that avoid the complexities of a spherical domain or multi-panel meshes. These are solid body rotation, horizontal advection over orography and deformational flow. The test cases use distorted non-orthogonal meshes either to represent sloping terrain or to mimic the distortions near cubed-sphere edges. Mesh distortions are expected to accentuate the errors associated with dimension splitting, however, the accuracy of the dimensionally split scheme decreases only a little in the presence of mesh distortions. The dimensionally split scheme also loses some accuracy when long time-steps are used. The multi-dimensional scheme is almost entirely insensitive to mesh distortions and asymptotes to second-order accuracy at high resolution. As is expected for implicit time-stepping, phase errors occur when using long time-steps but the spatially well-resolved features are advected at the correct speed and the multi-dimensional scheme is always stable. A naive estimate of computational cost (number of multiplies) reveals that the implicit scheme is the most expensive, particularly for large Courant numbers. If the multi-dimensional scheme is used instead with explicit time-stepping, the Courant number is restricted to less than one, the accuracy is maintained and the cost becomes similar to the dimensionally split scheme.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:71485
Publisher:Royal Meteorological Society

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