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Vertical structure and radiative forcing of monsoon clouds over Kanpur during the 2016 INCOMPASS field campaign

George, G., Sarangi, C., Tripathi, S. N., Chakraborty, T. and Turner, A. (2018) Vertical structure and radiative forcing of monsoon clouds over Kanpur during the 2016 INCOMPASS field campaign. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123 (4). pp. 2152-2174. ISSN 2169-8996

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/2017JD027759

Abstract/Summary

An overview of cloud vertical structure (CVS) and cloud radiative forcing (CRF) during Indian summer monsoon is obtained over Kanpur, through observations made during the Interaction of Convective Organisation and Monsoon Precipitation, Atmosphere, Surface and Sea (INCOMPASS) field campaign of 2016. Associations of CVS parameters with CRF at surface and top of atmosphere (TOA) are also investigated. 137 radiosondes were launched at Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK), between 5th and 28th July, 2016. CVS is determined using an algorithm that identifies cloud layers from vertical profiles of relative humidity (RH), with altitude-dependent RH thresholds. CVS is analysed by separating the campaign period on the basis of presence and absence of depressions/low-pressure systems. Compared to non-depression periods, low-pressure events showed significant difference in all CVS and CRF parameters except cloud-top height. CVS was multi-layered in ~75% launches, with deep, mixed-phase clouds being present in ~70% launches. CRF was calculated from clear-sky measurements and TOA observations from Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) satellite retrievals, and surface measurements. A net cooling effect was found overall, with instantaneous shortwave forcing (SWCRF) (mean values of -95.92 and -101.89 W/m2 at surface and TOA, respectively) dominating longwave forcing (LWCRF) (mean values of 15.33 and 66.55 W/m2 at surface and TOA, respectively). Results suggest that SWCRF depends on total depth of cloud layers, and is independent of cloud altitude, whereas LWCRF depends on both depth and vertical location of cloud layers, with base and top heights regulating LWCRF at surface and TOA, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:73942
Publisher:American Geophysical Union

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