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Identifying and characterising large ramps in power output of offshore wind farms

Drew, D. R., Barlow, J. F. and Coker, P. J. (2018) Identifying and characterising large ramps in power output of offshore wind farms. Renewable Energy, 127. pp. 195-203. ISSN 0960-1481

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2018.04.064

Abstract/Summary

Recently there has been a significant change in the distribution of wind farms in Great Britain with the construction of clusters of large offshore wind farms. These clusters can produce large ramping events (i.e. changes in power output) on temporal scales which are critical for managing the power system (30 minute, 60 minute and 4 hours). This study analyses generation data from the Thames Estuary cluster in conjunction with meteorological observations to determine the magnitude and frequency of ramping events and the meteorological mechanism. Over a 4 hour time window, the extreme ramping events of the Thames Estuary cluster were caused by the passage of a cyclone and associated weather fronts. On shorter time scales, the largest ramping events over 30 minute and 60 minute time windows are not associated with the passage of fronts. They are caused by three main meteorological mechanisms; (1) very high wind speeds associated with a cyclone causing turbine cut-out (2) gusts associated with thunderstorms and (3) organised band of convection following a front. Despite clustering offshore capacity, the addition of offshore wind farms has increased the mean separation between capacity and therefore reduced the variability in nationally aggregated generation on high frequency time scales.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of the Built Environment > Construction Management and Engineering > Innovative and Sustainable Technologies
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Energy Research
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:76800
Publisher:Elsevier

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