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Stem cells from human extracted deciduous teeth expanded in foetal bovine and human sera express different paracrine factors after exposure to freshly prepared human serum

Haque, N., Widera, D. and Abu Kasim, N. H. (2018) Stem cells from human extracted deciduous teeth expanded in foetal bovine and human sera express different paracrine factors after exposure to freshly prepared human serum. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. ISSN 0065-2598 (In Press)

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Abstract/Summary

Background: The response of stem cells to paracrine factors within the host’s body plays an important role in the regeneration process after transplantation. The aim of this study was to determine the viability and paracrine factor profile of stem cells from human extracted deciduous teeth (SHED) pre-cultivated in media supplemented with either foetal bovine serum (FBS) or pooled human serum (pHS) in the presence of individual human sera (iHS). Methods: SHED (n=3) from passage 4 were expanded in FBS (FBS-SHED) or pHS (pHS-SHED) supplemented media until passage 7. During expansion, the proliferation of SHED was determined. Cells at passage 7 were further expanded in human serum from four individual donors (iHS) for 120 hours followed by assessment of cell viability and profiling of the secreted paracrine factors. Results: Proliferation of SHED was significantly higher (p<0.05) in pHS supplemented media compared to FBS supplemented media. pHS-SHED also maintained their higher proliferation rate compared to FBS-SHED in the presence of iHS. In iHS supplemented media, FBS-SHED expressed significantly higher levels of SDF-1A (p<0.05) after 24 hours compared to pHS-SHED. Similar results were found for HGF (p<0.01), LIF (p<0.05), PDGF-BB (p<0.05), SDF-1A (p<0.01), and IL-10 (p<0.05) when cell culture supernatants from FBS-SHED was profiled 120 hours post-incubation. Conclusion: SHED expanded in pHS instead of FBS have higher proliferative capacity and show an altered secretion profile. Further studies are needed to determine whether these differences could result in better engraftment and regeneration following transplantation.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Division of Pharmacology
ID Code:80269
Publisher:Springer

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