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Spectro-electrochemical studies on [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]2+ - insights into the mechanism of its photosensitized oxidation of oligonucleotides

Keane, P. M., Tory, J., Towrie, M., Sazanowich, I. V., Cardin, C. J., Quinn, S. J., Hartl, F., Kelly, J. M. and Long, C. (2019) Spectro-electrochemical studies on [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]2+ - insights into the mechanism of its photosensitized oxidation of oligonucleotides. Inorganic Chemistry, 58 (1). pp. 663-671. ISSN 0020-1669

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b02859

Abstract/Summary

[Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]2+ (TAP = 1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene; dppz = dipyrido[3,2-a:2′,3′-c]phenazine) is known to photo-oxidize guanine in DNA. Whether this oxidation proceeds by direct photoelectron transfer or by proton-coupled electron transfer is still unknown. To help distinguish between these mechanisms, spectro-electrochemical experiments have been carried out with [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]2+ in acetonitrile. The UV–vis and mid-IR spectra obtained for the one-electron reduced product were compared to those obtained by picosecond transient absorption and time-resolved infrared experiments of [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]2+ bound to guanine-containing DNA. An interesting feature of the singly reduced species is an electronic transition in the near-IR region (with λmax at 1970 and 2820 nm). Density functional and time-dependent density functional theory simulations of the vibrational and electronic spectra of [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]2+, the reduced complex [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]+, and four isomers of [Ru(TAP)(TAPH)(dppz)]2+ (a possible product of proton-coupled electron transfer) were performed. Significantly, these predict absorption bands at λ > 1900 nm (attributed to a ligand-to-metal charge-transfer transition) for [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]+ but not for [Ru(TAP)(TAPH)(dppz)]2+. Both the UV–vis and mid-IR difference absorption spectra of the electrochemically generated singly reduced species [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]+ agree well with the transient absorption and time-resolved infrared spectra previously determined for the transient species formed by photoexcitation of [Ru(TAP)2(dppz)]2+ intercalated in guanine-containing DNA. This suggests that the photochemical process in DNA proceeds by photoelectron transfer and not by a proton-coupled electron transfer process involving formation of [Ru(TAP)(TAPH)(dppz)]2+, as is proposed for the reaction with 5′-guanosine monophosphate. Additional infrared spectro-electrochemical measurements and density functional calculations have also been carried out on the free TAP ligand. These show that the TAP radical anion in acetonitrile also exhibits strong broad near-IR electronic absorption (λmax at 1750 and 2360 nm).

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:81480
Publisher:American Chemical Society

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