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A simple ensemble approach for more robust process-based sensitivity analysis of case studies in convection-permitting models

Flack, D. L. A., Gray, S. L. and Plant, R. S. (2019) A simple ensemble approach for more robust process-based sensitivity analysis of case studies in convection-permitting models. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 145 (724). pp. 3089-3101. ISSN 1477-870X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/qj.3606

Abstract/Summary

Case studies remain an important method for meteorological parameter sensitivity process studies. However, these types of study often use just a few case studies (typically up to three) and are not tested for statistical significance. This approach can be problematic at the convective scales, since uncertainty in the representation of an event increases, and the variability in the atmosphere arising from convective-scale noise is not routinely taken into account. Here we propose a simple ensemble method for performing more robust sensitivity analysis without the need for an operational-style ensemble prediction system and demonstrate it using a case study from the 2005 Convective Storm Initiation Project. Boundary layer stochastic potential temperature perturbations with Gaussian spatial structure are used to create small ensembles to examine the impact of increasing cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC) on precipitation. Whilst there is a systematic difference between the experiments, such that increasing the CDNC reduces the precipitation, there is also an overlap between the different ensembles implying that convective-scale variability should be taken into account in case study process-based sensitivity studies.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:84684
Uncontrolled Keywords:Convection, ensembles, MetUM, process-based sensitivity testing, CSIP, cloud droplet number concentration, case studies
Publisher:Royal Meteorological Society

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