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KurSL: a model of coupled oscillators based on Kuramoto's coupling and Sturm-Liouville theory

Laszuk, D. (2018) KurSL: a model of coupled oscillators based on Kuramoto's coupling and Sturm-Liouville theory. PhD thesis, University of Reading

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Abstract/Summary

Methods commonly used to analyse oscillatory systems, such as short-time Fourier or wavelet transforms, require predefined oscillatory structures or ne-tuning of method's parameters. These limitations may be detrimental for an adequate component description and can introduce bias to the interpretation. This thesis addresses the challenge of identifying interacting components in a signal by introducing a model of coupled oscillators. The proposed model consists of two parts: Sturm-Liouville self-adjoint ordinary differential equation (ODE) and Kuramoto's coupling model. The resulting model, KurSL, is described by a set of coupled ODEs producing general amplitude- and frequency-modulated mutually interacting oscillations. The complexity of these equations depends on the definition of the coupling function, the number of oscillators and the initial state of each oscillator. Thus, the performance of the KurSL decomposition can be characterised in terms of the model parameters optimisation. After introducing the model, the thesis provides analysis and discussion of the KurSL with examples of its usage. The method is firstly tested on various synthetic data that were generated from simulated stationary and dynamical processes. Such testing allows capturing various characteristics that are desirable in coupled oscillatory components such as phase and amplitude dynamics. Subsequently, experiments were performed on empirical EEG signals recorded from patients with epilepsy. Validation of these experiments is through comparisons to different orders of the KurSL and to other time-frequency methods. Overall results indicate that the KurSL method provides a more detailed description of oscillatory processes than the Huang-Hilbert transform and it provides insights comparable to manually tuned short-time Fourier transform and Morlet-based wavelet time-frequency representations. However, the advantage of the KurSL is that the similar results can be achieved with a finite number of components. Moreover, in contrast to the mentioned representations which, due to finite resolution, are unable to localise time-frequency events precisely, the KurSL provides an instantaneous description. This exactness allows to identify any modulations in both time and frequency domains and thus better describe the behaviour of the analysed system.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Thesis Supervisor:Nasuto, S. and Bojak, I.
Thesis/Report Department:School of Biological Sciences
Identification Number/DOI:
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:84747

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