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Fifty years of research on the Madden-Julian Oscillation: recent progress, challenges and perspectives

Jiang, X., Adames, Á. F., Kim, D., Maloney, E. D., Lin, H., Kim, H., Zhang, C., DeMott, C. A. and Klingaman, N. P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2927-9303 (2020) Fifty years of research on the Madden-Julian Oscillation: recent progress, challenges and perspectives. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (17). e2019JD030911. ISSN 2169-8996

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1029/2019JD030911

Abstract/Summary

Since its discovery in the early 1970s, the crucial role of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) in the global hydrological cycle and its tremendous influence of high-impact climate and weather extremes have been well recognised. The MJO also serves as a primary source of predictability for global Earth system variability on subseasonal time scales. The MJO remains poorly represeted in our state-of-the-art climate and weather forecasting models, however. Moreover, despite the advances made in recent decades, theories for the MJO still disagree at a fundamental level. The problems of understanding and modeling the MJO have attracted significant interest from the research community. As part of the AGU's Centennial collection, this article provides a review of recent progress, particularly over the last decade, in observational, modeling and theoretical study of the MJO. A brief outlook for near-future MJO research directions is also provided.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:91428
Publisher:American Geophysical Union

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