The molecular structure of hexamethyldigermane determined by gas-phase electron diffraction with theoretical calculations for (CH3)3M-M(CH3)3 Where M = C, Si, and Ge
Aarset, K., Page, E. M. and Rice, D. A. (2010) The molecular structure of hexamethyldigermane determined by gas-phase electron diffraction with theoretical calculations for (CH3)3M-M(CH3)3 Where M = C, Si, and Ge. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 114 (26). pp. 7187-7190. ISSN 1089-5639
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1021/jp1026042
Gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) data together with results from ab initio molecular orbital calculations (HF and MP2/6-311+G(d,p)) have been used to determine the structure of hexamethyldigermane ((CH3)3Ge-Ge(CH3)3). The equilibrium symmetry is D3d, but the molecule has a very low-frequency, largeamplitude, torsional mode (φCGeGeC) that lowers the thermal average symmetry. The effect of this largeamplitude mode on the interatomic distances was described by a dynamic model which consisted of a set of pseudoconformers spaced at even intervals. The amount of each pseudoconformer was obtained from the ab initio calculations (HF/6-311+G(d,p)). The results for the principal distances (ra) and angles (∠h1) obtained from the combined GED/ab initio (with estimated 1σ uncertainties) are r(Ge-Ge) ) 2.417(2) Å, r(Ge-C) ) 1.956(1) Å, r(C-H) ) 1.097(5) Å, ∠GeGeC ) 110.5(2)°, and ∠GeCH ) 108.8(6)°. Theoretical calculations were performed for the related molecules ((CH3)3Si-Si(CH3)3 and (CH3)3C-C(CH3)3).