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Dietary nitrate supplementation effect on dynamic cerebral autoregulation in normoxia and acute hypoxia

Horiuchi, G., Rossetti, G. M. K. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9610-6066 and Oliver, S. J. (2020) Dietary nitrate supplementation effect on dynamic cerebral autoregulation in normoxia and acute hypoxia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. ISSN 1559-7016

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1177/0271678X20910053

Abstract/Summary

We tested the hypothesis that increasing the nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability by dietary nitrate would recover the hypoxia-induced reduction in dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA). Twelve healthy males (age 21 ± 2 years) completed four days of dietary supplementation with a placebo or inorganic nitrate drink (140-ml beetroot juice per day) followed by 60-min of normoxia or hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen [FiO2] = 13%). Duplex ultrasonography was used to perform volumetric change-based assessment of dynamic CA in the internal carotid artery (ICA). Dynamic CA was assessed by rate of regulation (RoR) of vascular conductance using the thigh-cuff method. Four days of beetroot supplementation increased circulating nitrate by 208 [171,245] μM (mean difference [95% confidence interval]) compared with placebo. Dynamic CA was lower in hypoxia than normoxia (RoR Δ-0.085 [-0.116, -0.054]). Compared with placebo, nitrate did not alter dynamic CA in normoxia (RoR Δ-0.022 [-0.060, 0.016]) or hypoxia (RoR Δ0.017 [-0.019, 0.053]). Further, nitrate did not affect ICA vessel diameter, blood velocity or flow in either normoxia or hypoxia. Increased bioavailability of NO through dietary nitrate supplementation did not recover the hypoxia-induced reduction in dynamic CA. This suggests the mechanism of hypoxia-induced reduction in dynamic CA does not relate to the availability of NO.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary Research Centres (IDRCs) > Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and Neurodynamics (CINN)
Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Neuroscience
ID Code:97685
Publisher:SAGE Publications

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